- Compound viscosity
- Application pressure
- Nozzle orifice diameter
- Nozzle orifice length
- Needle lift
- Chuck speed
The compound viscosity is controlled by the compound manufacturer to predetermined specifications. However, it can be significantly effected by changes in application temperature. Some compounds respond differently to changes in temperature. These viscosity properties and the proper application temperature should be discussed with the compound supplier.
The application pressure is also extremely important in controlling compound film weights. A constant pressure is critical when maintaining film weight. Fluctuations in air pressure to a water based compound pot can drastically effect compound film weight. Worn compound pumps and pumps which generate pressure surges can have a significant effect on film weight.
Let us assume, for the sake of this discussion, that compound viscosity and pressure are under tight control. Changes in nozzle orifice diameter and/or orifice length can effect the compound pressure and subsequently the application weight. For example, if the compound application weight is to high and, when subsequently lowered, control of pressure and placement is lost, then a change to a smaller orifice nozzle or to a different style of nozzle having a longer lead may improve the application. Conversely, if the weight and placement are acceptable, however the pressures are excessively high causing pumps to wear and seals to leak, a change to a larger diameter or shorter lead may help.
The distance the needle is lifted out of the nozzle seat can drastically effect film weight and placement. Typical lift is 0.040 to 0.060 inches. Distances of more than 0.060 can cause excessive wear on seals in the compound gun and have an effect on compound placement. The further the needle had to travel to seat in the nozzle, the longer the nozzle will dispense compound. Changes in needle lift also effect the number of turns lining by increasing or decreasing the overlap of the turns.
Compound placement can also be effected by chuck speed. Many times, a high film weight needed to get good cutedge placement can be lowered and the proper placement achieved by increasing chuck speed. The ease of changes in chuck speed varies with the type of end liner used.
As one can readily see, there are several ways to achieve changes in film weight and placement. F & H Nozzle Specialists offers its customers over twenty years of nozzle and needle manufacturing experience and twenty five years of end sealant application technology. If we can be of any assistance with your application problems, please do not hesitate to contact us.